Until a treaty is signed, all land holdings are the property of the federal Crown. However, certain rights can be assigned to the Band, its members, and leaseholders.
As was traditional Cowichan custom, individuals and families had claim over certain land that was passed down from generation to generation. This continues to this day, and is recognized with a "Certificate of Possession" (CP).
Did you know ....
Almost all Cowichan Reserve land is allocated or claimed by individual band members. The only communal Band land holdings are the site of the Administration complex and a parcel by St. Ann's Church.