Cowichan Tribes & Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group
1950 Canada signed the United Nations Universal
Declaration of Human Rights. The signing of this declaration
resulted in the removal of the most offensive human rights
violantions that were in the Canadian law through the
Indian Act 1876.
1951 Canada removed the sections of the Indian Act that outlawed
the practice of Cowichan Tribes culture and the exercise of
Cowichan Tribes Governance. Since the sections were
removed Cowichan Tribes people have been making effors to
re-establish Cowichan Tribes governcance, authority, institutions,
1966, Cowichan Tribes received an $80,000 grant to hire a Band
Manager, and two staff. Chief Dennis Alphonse succeeded
in achieving a small degree of independance for Cowichan Tribes
because of the grant. The two staff became record
keepers and agenda creators for Council.
Cowichan Tribes lobbies to Arthur Liang, the Minister of Indian
Affairs at the time, for new homes. After visiting
Cowichan Tribes, Liang agreed to provide funding for new
homes. Cowichan Tribes was facing overcrowding, and
inadequate housing. Before receiving the money to build
new homes, Cowichan Tribes could only build one new home per
year. The funding provided meant new homes for Cowichan
Tribes, but they were inferior, and gave rise to a public health
emergency that emerged in the late 1990's.
Early 1970’s, the Federal Government transferred
some authority to Cowichan Tribes. Cowichan Tribes
gained authority in the areas of Social Development, Education, and
Operations & Maintenance. The authorities of thes
departments were only in service delivery, and not in decision
Mid-1970’s Cowichan is successful in securing
responsibility for its land management. Cowichan Tribes
was one of the original First Nations to gain management because of
two main reasons: 1) the large commercial development on its
Reserve, and 2) the large number of Certificate
Cowichan Tribes negotiates funding for Cowichan
Tribes Fisheries Guardians to prevent illegal fishing.
Cowichan Tribes is able to expand its role in
fisheries. This was to include involvement in a five
year strategy for marine resource governance. This
program has grown and continues on with the Hul'qumi'num Treaty
Cowichan Tribes initiated Project Child. This was a
community driven project that responded to child sexual abuse.
The late 1980's Cowichan Tribes leadershiop was giving influence
to key child welfare issues.
1990: Cowichan Tribes signs onto a Mater Tuition Agreement with
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). Cowichan
Tribes expands its role in Education. Cowichan Tribes
sees Education as the road back to restoring their language,
culture, and eliminating racism towards their people.
Cowichan Tribes gains responsibility for Health and Child
Welfare. Cowichan Tribes was the first to have a
dedicated Elder's Centre, and hosted may First Nations
delegations who subsequently modeled their own Elder Centre's after
1992: Ts'ewulhtun health Centre opens. The Health
Centre now manages public health and communicable disease control
for Cowichan Tribes.
1993: Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group is founded.
Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group (HTG) is founded to jointly negotiate a
comprehensive treaty with BC and Canada in the BC Treaty
process. HTG represents over 6,200 members in six First
Nations: Chemainus First Nation, Cowichan Tribes, Halalt First
Nation, Lake Cowichan First Nation, Lyackson First Nation and
1993: Delegation Enabling Agreement signed between Cowichan
Tribes and BC Ministry of Social Services. This gave
the provision of voluntary services for families.
1996: Lalum'utul Smun'eem acquired full delegation.
This mean provision for the full range of services from
prevention to protection for children on the Reserve.
1997: Delgamuukw decision confirms aboriginal
title exists. The decision confirmed that aboriginal
title does exit in British Columbia, that it is a right to the land
itself - not just the right to hunt, fish, or gather - and that
when dealing with Crown land, the government must consult with and
may have to compensate First nations whose rights may be
1997: Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group signs Openness
Protocol. This protocol documents is intended to
provide public access to information throughtout the treaty
negotiation process subject to the need to conduct effective and
evvicient negotiations. This protocoal establishes
procedures for public attendance at meetings and public access
guidelines to information and documents.
1997: Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group Framework Agreement.
The purpose of this Agreement is to guide the conduct of treaty
negotiations among the Parties towards completion fo the Agreement
in Principle (AIO), and to set out the timing, process and
substantive isues for the negotiations.
1997: Procedures Agreement among The Hul'qumi'num Teaty Group,
Canada, and BC for the Agreement in Principal Stage.
The agreement focuses on how Main Table meetings are to be
conducted, scheduling of Main Table meetings, the location,
preparing, and the chairing of Main Tables is also addressed.
2004: Interim Agreement on an Advisory Role concerning the
planning and management of Gulf Islands National Park
Reserve. This agreement sets out the interium terms by
which Canada and the HTG will establish a process for the advisory
role for the HTG in the planning and management of Gulf Islands
National Park Reserve.
2006: Interim Consultation Agreement concernng the cooperative
planning and management of Gulf Islands National Park
Reserve. This agreement sets out the interim terms by
which the Parties will continue to develop and clarify the role for
the First Nations in the cooperative planning and management Gulf
Islands National Park Reserve and establish a process for
consultation where the conduct comtemplated by Canada in planning
and management could adversely affect or infringe a potential
aboriginal right or title of the First Nations.
2006: Joint Chief Negotiators Protocol. Signed on
October 28, 2006 by representatives of 43 First Nations in the BC
2007: Memorandum of Understanding: First Nation Heritage
Conservation in Hul'qumi'num Tumuhw. An agreement
between BC and the Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group to involve the
Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group and the member First Nations are
completely in the archaelogical permitting process.
2007: Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group Signs Unity
Protocol. Signing onto the Unity Protocol provided HTG
with an opportunity to make progress on the major issues that are
currently stalling the treaty talks.
2007: Cowichan Tribes Tsawssen Protocol Agreement.
An agreement signed by representatives from Musqueam, Tswassen, and
Hul'qumi'num Treaty Group. All parties worked together to make the
agreement to share resources and acknowldege the imnportance of
presenting a unified fro so that Department Fisheries Oceans (DFO)
can no longer divide nations.
2007: United Nations General Assembly adopts the
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The
vote marks a historic moment for the world's Indigenous Peoples.
This is the first time Indigenous People have recognized "Peoples"
without qualification in an international legal